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» » Post-structuralism in France

Реферат Post-structuralism in France

TheMinistryofEducationofRepublicofBelarusKupalaState University ofGrodnofacultyandcross-culturalcommunicationdepartment







structuralismin France





Performed:

studentof thephilologicalfaculty,

thyear, group493,Raiko







2011


CONTENTS


INTRODUCTION1POST-STRUCTURALISM:EMERGENCE,MEANING,COMPARISONWITHSTRUCTURALISM

.1 Theemergenceofpost-structuralism

.2 Themeaningofpost-structuralism

.3Theoreticaldifferencesbetweenstructuralismandpost-structuralism2MAJORWORKSANDCONCEPTSOFPOST-STRUCTURALISM

.1DerridasDeconstruction

.2RolandBarthes- TheDeathof theAuthor

.3MichelFoucaultandpost-structuralism



INTRODUCTION


The end of thelate1960swastheperiodofdisappointment,liberationand politicalanxietyin France.Atthistimea newphilosophicalmovementemergedin Frenchintellectualcircles.Itwaspost-structuralism.Post-structuralismoriginatedasareactionagainststructuralism.Itgeneratestheviewthatthereisnosystemasawhole.Post-structuralismisapracticeofcriticalanalysis.Itfocuseson thepeculiaruncertaintyinourvarioussystemsofexpression,beginningwithlanguage.Inthepost-structuralistapproachtotextualanalysis, thereaderreplacestheauthorastheprimarysubjectofinquiryand,withoutacentralfixationon theauthor,post-structuralistsexamineothersourcesformeaning(readers,culturalnorms,otherliterature, etc.),whicharethereforeneverauthoritative, andpromisenoconsistency.aim of theessayistodiscoverthemeaningand themainconceptsofpost-structuralism.totheaim, theessayhasthefollowingtasks:

)tofindoutwhatpost-structuralismis;

2)todescribethepeculiaritiesofpost-structuralism;

)tocomparepost-structuralismwithstructuralism;

)tostudythekeyfiguresofpost-structuralismandtheirtheories.

The object of theessayisthepost-structuralistmovementin France.subject of theessayisthepeculiaritiesofpost-structuralism.followingmethods of researchwereusedin theessay: themethodofcomparison, themethodofanalysis, themethodof informationclassificationandsystematization, theinductivemethod, themethodoftextinterpretation.essayconsistsofintroduction, twochapters,conclusionandbibliography.Inthefirstchapterwegetinformationabouttheemergence,meaningandpeculiaritiesofpost-structuralism.Besides,sometheoreticaldifferencesbetweenpost-structuralismandstructuralismbecomeclear.Inthe secondchapterwepayattentionto thekeyfiguresofpost-structuralismand themainconceptsoftheirtheories.



CHAPTER1.POST-STRUCTURALISM:EMERGENCE,MEANING,COMPARISONWITHSTRUCTURALISM


1.1 Theemergenceofpost-structuralism


Post-structuralismisalate-twentieth-centurydevelopmentinphilosophyandliterarytheory,particularlyassociatedwiththeworkofJacquesDerridaand hisfollowers.Itoriginatedasareactionagainststructuralism,whichfirstemergedinFerdinanddeSaussuresworkonlinguistics.Bythe1950sstructuralismhadbeenadaptedinanthropology(L


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